November 27, 1874 - November 9, 1952
18 Kislev 5635 – 21 Heshvan 5713
Weizmann began his scientific career as an organic chemist. He completed his doctoral thesis with the highest honors at Fribourg University in Switzerland. This rare distinction enabled him to obtain a research post at Geneva University. In 1904, he moved to Manchester University, where he became a popular lecturer and an original researcher. Weizmann was one of the fathers of biotechnology. He was the first scientist to develop a fermentation process from a laboratory process and succeeded in converting it to an industrial process. This was the first biotechnological process, that made use of starch and bacteria. Dr. Weizmann was asked to run the Admiralty Laboratories in London.
His areas of research were many and various: making the acetone that the British needed in World War I as a propellant for shells and bullets; vegetarian alternatives to meat; biological fuel, and many more. Over one hundred and twenty patents are registered in his name.
In 1934, Dr. Weizmann set up the research institution named after Daniel Sieff in Rechovot. In 1949, its name was changed to the Weizmann Institute of Science. Chaim Weizmann was its first President. The Scientific Manager was the chemist Ernest David Bergman.
For further reading: Link to Chaim Weizmann's full biography